Since inception in 1944, the World Bank has expanded from a single institution to a closely associated group of five development institutions. Its mission evolved from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) as facilitator of post-war reconstruction and development to the present-day mandate of worldwide poverty alleviation in close coordination with our affiliate, the International Development Association, and other members of the World Bank Group, the International Finance Corporation (IFC), the Multilateral Guarantee Agency (MIGA), and the International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID).
The World Bank provided its assistance for strengthening democracy and good governance in Mongolia. Some of its major support towards the improving governance and fight against corruption was directed to development and launch of Private Interest and Asset and Income Declaration System (PIAIDS). Currently the PIAIDS is fully operational and became essential tool for detecting and dealing with conflict of interest and illicit enrichment among public officials.
Furthermore, IAAC and the World Bank worked closely together to organize seminars and training and develop handbooks that were designed to advocate Conflict of Interest legislations.
According to agreement established between the Government of Mongolia and the World Bank, Independent Authority Against Corruption (IAAC) is an implementing agency of the World Bank financed project on “Strengthening Corruption Prevention and Monitoring” to be conducted between 2013-2016.
The project focuses on the following main areas: (i) private interest, asset and income declaration system improvement; (ii) prevention and public awareness; (iii) improvement of research and analysis on trends, scope and type of corruption.
Since the project’s inception back in 2013, the following activities and measures were taken towards reaching the goals set by the Project Management Unit in line with the aforementioned areas:
- Regional seminars on good practices in relation to collection, handling and storage of declarations covering all competent officials of all aimags;
- Improvement of methodology of Mongolian Corruption Index surveys;
- Publication of handbooks on handling conflict of interest and corruption cases for public officials; and
- Streamlining the Private Interest and Asset and Income Declaration System.
At the end of the project, IAAC plans to reach the following results:
- Private Interest and Asset and Income Declaration System with improved functions such as evaluation of corruption and conflict of interest risks;
- Improved and updated methodology for Mongolian Corruption Surveys and Public Service Integrity Survey;
- Improved capacity of staff in charge of research and analysis; and
- Disseminated publications on handling conflict of interest and corruption issues.
In addition to funding some key anti-corruption activities, the World Bank facilitates IAAC’s cooperation with Stolen Asset Recovery (StAR) Initiative in the area of training and capacity building of investigators of law enforcement organizations of Mongolia. IAAC acts as a national coordinator in terms of capacity building activities conducted by StAR Initiative. The World Bank as one of two founder of StAR Initiative provides in-country support for trainings and capacity building activities.
For further information on IAAC’s cooperation with StAR Initiative please refer to the related article.